Tale accordo sancisce la formale rinuncia delle parti a giungere al processo. Andrea Doria was neither the largest vessel nor the fastest of its day: those distinctions went to RMS Queen Elizabeth and United States, respectively. A completare il quadro d’insieme, opere pittoriche di Felicita Frai e Piero Zuffi, ceramiche di Guido Gambone e una statua in bronzo raffigurante l’ammiraglio Doria, opera dello scultore Giovanni Paganin, posta nella sala di soggiorno di prima classe. Due navi passeggeri, l'italiana Andrea Doria e la Stockholm, si scontrano al largo delle coste del Massachusetts. Her design specified that if any two adjacent watertight compartments were breached, she could remain afloat. Durante il conflitto, la notte dell’11 novembre 1940, si mette in luce per il salvataggio di alcuni marinai, compiuto a bordo della corazzata Caio Duilio, colpita nel corso dell’attacco aeronavale inglese della base navale di Taranto, meritando così una croce al valor militare. Altro esempio di dedizione e altruismo è rappresentato dall’instancabile opera del cameriere Giovanni Rovelli, il quale si prodiga fino alla fine nel tentativo di salvataggio delle passeggere rimaste imprigionate nei rottami delle cabine 56 e 58 a seguito dello schianto. Quanti uomini come il comandante Piero Calamai e i suoi ufficiali ci vorrebbero ai posti di comando di questa Italia, sempre più alla deriva? In addition, following the rules and guidelines set by the International Conference for Safety of Life at Sea of 1948, Andrea Doria was designed to handle a list, even under the worst imaginable circumstances, but not one greater than 15°. For the Swedish-American Line, damages were estimated at $2 million, half for repairs to Stockholm's bow, and half for lost business during repairs. She and her son were separated from each other during the collision and evacuation. Alle 02,21 il Cape Ann accoglie i primi superstiti a bordo. Il ministero della Marina mercantile italiana nomina, con un apposito decreto, una commissione speciale d’inchiesta formale presieduta dall’ammiraglio Candido Bigliardi. Thus, despite being down at the bow and having her first watertight compartment flooded, the ship was soon determined to be stable and in no imminent danger of sinking. In the meantime, Second Officer Guido Badano made announcements over the loudspeaker system instructing passengers to put on their lifebelts and go to their designated muster stations. The Greatest Sea Rescue in History. Maria Theresina Imberlone, like the Barattas, was also bound for the San Francisco Bay Area, and was also killed in the collision. Stranamente, risulta misteriosamente cancellato anche il tracciato del plotting del radar dello Stockholm. [2] The propulsion system consisted of steam turbines attached to twin screws, enabling the ship to achieve a service speed of 23 knots (43 km/h), with a top speed of 26 knots (48 km/h). USS Reuben James and HMS Battleaxe, working in conjunction, use their helicopters to find and destroy the submarine. Dopo aver compiuto uno scalo a Cannes e a Napoli, il pomeriggio del 20 luglio la moderna turbonave italiana supera Gibilterra e affronta l’Atlantico in direzione ovest dirigendosi verso il “nuovo mondo” con a bordo 1706 persone, fra passeggeri ed equipaggio. Most of those in tourist class were emigrants from impoverished regions of southern Italy on their way to new lives in America. Beyond this limit, up to half of the lifeboats could not be deployed. Immediatamente gli Ufficiali Guido Badano e Curzio Franchini calcolano un preciso punto nave, indispensabile per le richieste di soccorso. [36], After Andrea Doria sank, divers Peter Gimbel and Joseph Fox managed to locate the wreck of the ship, and published pictures of the wreck in Life. One of the pieces now broken off the wreck is the ship's bow.[41]. Andrea Doria had a length of 212 m (697 ft), a beam of 27 m (90 ft), and a gross register tonnage of 29,100. Grazie a Ulisse di Rai tre e a questo racconto. As the two ships approached each other at a combined speed of 40 knots (74 km/h; 46 mph), in failing light, each was aware of the presence of another ship, but guided only by radar, they apparently misinterpreted each other's course. The ship's bell is normally considered to be the prize of a wreck. The sinking began at 9:45am and by 10:00 that morning the Andrea Doria's starboard side dipped into the ocean and the three swimming pools were seen refilling with water. Imbarcato come allievo ufficiale di marina mercantile, Calamai è impiegato in navigazione di guerra per tutta la durata del primo conflitto mondiale, congedandosi con il grado militare di sottotenente di vascello di complemento. Meanwhile, the younger Angelina explained how she grew up with a sense of great pride having been named after her grandmother, which was in turn mirrored with sadness in never having gotten to know her, or her aunt and uncle. Alle 23,05 il radar del Doria vede lo Stockholm a 15° a dritta ed a 4 miglia di distanza. In all, 277 passengers embarked at Genoa; 49 first class, 72 cabin class and 156 tourist class. He did not know that Linda Morgan, who was soon labeled the "miracle girl", was alive and aboard Stockholm. Periranno 51 … Addirittura la nave affonda con il circuito d’emergenza e la pompa Sos di sinistra ancora efficienti. Non solo Schettino. It was recorded that Andrea Doria finally sank bow first 10 hours after the collision, at 10:09 am on 26 July 1956. È un uomo distrutto! Bisogna informarsi per bene su tutto e sempre, non tramite i media di regime. Each line absorbed its own damages. Artifact recovery on Andrea Doria has resulted in additional loss of life. As a result of this transformation, a large debris field flows out from the hull of the liner. The ship had drifted 1.58 nautical miles (2.93 km) from the point of the collision in those 10 hours. Unfortunately, one of the radar systems was poorly designed, resulting in the collision. Tra l’altro gli svedesi sono famosi per le ubriacature anche quando sono in servizio . I campi obbligatori sono contrassegnati *. Furthermore, the wreck is slowly collapsing; the top of the wreck is now at 58 metres (190 ft), and many of the passageways have begun to collapse. “. A queste parole il comandante in seconda Osvaldo Magagnini e gli altri ufficiali reagiscono con fermezza, facendo atto di ritornare a bordo. On the uppermost of these decks, the Upper Deck, at least eight first-class cabins were destroyed. But after just a few minutes, everyone was clothed and had shoes to wear. Stockholm's owners had another new ship, Gripsholm, under construction at Ansaldo Shipyard in Italy. Calamai, in base alla sua esperienza di mare, capisce di avere solo due opzioni; può cercare di portare la nave verso i bassi fondali del Nantucket Sound, nella speranza di incagliare il transatlantico in una secca, con l’utilizzo di un motore ancora efficiente. On Andrea Doria, the decision to abandon ship was made within 30 minutes of impact. While heavy fog was given as the primary cause of the accident, and it is not disputed that intermittent and heavy fog are both frequent and challenging conditions for mariners in that part of the ocean, these other factors have been cited: Both lines had an incentive to limit the public discussion of Andrea Doria's structural and stability problems. Le firme più prestigiose del design navale come Giovanni Zoncada, Gustavo Pulitzer e Matteo Longoni, coordinate dal famoso architetto Gio Ponti, hanno creato a bordo della nuova ammiraglia della flotta di stato italiana un armonioso insieme d’interni. However, largely because the out-of-court settlement agreement between the two shipping companies ended the fact-finding that was taking place in the hearings immediately after the disaster, no resolution of the cause(s) was ever formally accomplished. [9] To show the world that the country had recovered from the war, and to reestablish the nation's pride, the Italian Line commissioned two new vessels of similar design in the early 1950s. In cabin 46, Colonel Walter Carlin had been in the bathroom brushing his teeth at the time of the collision and miraculously survived, while his wife Jeanette was killed. This was eventually accomplished through ropes and Jacob's ladders. Uno struggente addio alla splendida nave ferita. Norma Di Sandro, a four-year-old Italian girl traveling in tourist class with her parents, Tullio and Filomena Di Sandro, was dropped on her head into a lifeboat by her panicked father. However, as popular as these vessels were, all three were more than two decades old and had somewhat slower service speeds. Most of the other officers returned to the sea. An invisible web of thin fishing lines, which can easily snag scuba gear, provides more danger. As the bow slid under, the stern rose slightly, and the port propeller and shaft became visible. Two days before the disaster Bremermann sent a telegram to her husband Floyd asking him to meet her in New York. Strong currents and heavy sediment that can reduce visibility to zero pose serious hazards to diving this site. Appena giunti a New York, i naufraghi sono accolti dalla stampa di tutto il mondo e dalle troupe televisive, per i primi servizi televisivi di Ruggero Orlando e Walter Cronkite. She departed Naples just after 6 p.m.,[15] making her final port of call two days later while dropping anchor off Gibraltar. It was not clear who was where, and whether or not some persons had survived, until after all the ships with survivors arrived in New York. In the last moments before impact, Stockholm turned hard to starboard (right) and was in the process of reversing her propellers, attempting to stop. Many other acts of kindness were reported by grateful survivors. She carried a total of 16 steel lifeboats, eight positioned on each side of the ship, coming in three different designs; two 58-person launches for emergency use, two 70-person motorboats with inboard radio transmitters, and 12 146-person hand-propelled standard boats. Meanwhile, air was trapped in the five empty tanks on the port side, causing them to float more readily, contributing to a severe list. Parole finali sacrosante, ma per ora inutili in in’Italia oramai da una gaudente e stracciona ciarlataneria. Thus, it was the line's intention to use the new Andrea Doria and Cristoforo Colombo to establish a new express service to New York. Carstens vede di colpo le luci del Doria e sente i fischi della manovra. Sono le 23:11. De Beaudèan dirige la sua nave e le fa compiere un giro attorno all’Andrea Doria a moto lento, con la bandiera di stato a mezz’asta e suoni di sirena. [19], A distress message was relayed to other ships by radio, making it clear that additional lifeboats were urgently needed. [27] Covino and Iazzetta were both sisters from New York who were returning from a visit to Italy. È anche un nostro dovere e bisogna farlo anche per la memoria di quelle persone che sono state fatte apparire dei mostri quando non lo sono stati, anzi. Poi inculcano nel cervello del popolino che tutto quello che accade è colpa nostra. The first ship to respond to Andrea Doria's distress call was the 120-metre (390 ft) freighter Cape Ann of the United Fruit Company, which was returning to the United States after a trip to Bremerhaven, Germany. The liner is mentioned in more than 500 of the many written biographies of Elvis Presley, because one of the survivors was Mike Stoller of the songwriting team Jerry Leiber and Mike Stoller. Other families also had their hopes of seeing loved ones again dashed, especially those who were meeting members of several young families immigrating to the United States in hope of new lives. These include works by, A seminarian from the Archdiocese of Chicago interviewed two priests and a retired bishop, survivors of, In the episode "Spanakopita" of the animated series, Luca Guardabascio directed the 2016 docufilm "Andrea Doria: Are the Passengers Saved?" Île de France managed to rescue the bulk of the remaining passengers by shuttling its 10 lifeboats back and forth to Andrea Doria, and receiving lifeboat loads from those of the other ships already at the scene (as well as the starboard boats from Andrea Doria). At the end of World War II, Italy had lost half its merchant fleet through wartime destruction and Allied forces seeking war reparations. Her captain, John Shea, was placed in charge of the rescue operation by the US Navy and readily ordered his crew to prepare their eight usable lifeboats. Among those boarding in first class were Hungarian ballet dancers Istvan Rabovsky and Nora Kovach, who had defected from the Soviet bloc to the United States just three years earlier. In Clive Cussler's Serpent (1999), the Andrea Doria was purposely sunk by the secret organisation called the "Brotherhood" to hide the fact of pre-Columbian contact of Mayans and Europe made by Phoenicians. A total of 26 people were killed in the collision section there, mostly Italian immigrant families. As the list increased over the next few minutes to 20° or more, Calamai realized that no hope was left for his ship unless the list could be corrected. The bulkheads of the watertight compartments extended only up to the top of A Deck, and a list greater than 20° allowed water from a flooded watertight compartment to pass over its top into adjacent compartments. Officers of both ship lines had testified, including the officers in charge of each ship at the time of the collision, with more scheduled to appear later until an out-of-court settlement was reached, and the hearings ended abruptly. However, the eastbound Stockholm had yet to enter what was apparently the edge of a fog bank, and was seemingly unaware of it and the movement of the other ship hidden within the fog. In all, six different ships had participated in the rescue of the passengers and crew of Andrea Doria, including the heavily damaged Stockholm, which was able to steam back to New York under its own power with a United States Coast Guard escort, but arrived later than the other ships. As was the rule aboard transatlantic passenger liners, each passenger class was strictly segregated to specific parts of the ship. On the decks below, titled A, B and C Decks, the loss of life was greater, as it was the location of several sections of tourist-class cabins. Durante le fasi del trasbordo dei passeggeri sull’Ile de France, Calamai incarica Badano di portare un messaggio a Genova: “…dica alla mia famiglia che ho fatto tutto quello che dovevo fare…”. On 25 July 1956, while Andrea Doria was approaching the coast of Nantucket, Massachusetts, bound for New York City, the eastbound Stockholm of the Swedish American Line collided with her in one of history's most infamous maritime disasters. By then, the crews realized that they were on a collision course, but despite last-minute maneuvers, they could not avoid the collision. Two bronze medallions, commissioned by survivors Pierette Domenica Simpson and Jerome Reinert and survivor's daughter Angela Addario, are in the, The story of the accident was retold by Alvin Moscow in his book, The 2005 book "The Lost Ships of Robert Ballard" by, Several documentaries have been produced.