The modern state of Guinea did not come into existence until 1958, but the history of Guinea stretches back well before European colonization. The Forest Region, or Guinea Highlands, is a historically isolated area of hills in the country’s southeastern corner. From 1880 until his death, Samori’s ambition was opposed by the expansion of the French. Africa Who owns Guinea's bauxite? In addition to bauxite, Guinea also has large diamond, iron, and gold deposits. Deciduous trees grow in scattered clumps, but few have commercial value; baobabs and shea trees furnish fruit and oil. In Upper Guinea the savanna grassland supports several species of tall grasses that reach heights of 5 to 10 feet (1.5 to 3 metres) during the rainy season. Guinea has a population of 12.4 million.The capital and largest city, Conakry, is Guinea’s economic and cultural hub. The Guinean sector was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1981 and is home to a unique and diverse array of flora and fauna. Sixteen women and children were killed in the remote town of Tari in Hela Province, Papua New Guinea in an attack described by police as "barbaric and inhumane." Guinea is not rich in African big game. Many of the dry woodlands of the region are protected in Haut Niger National Park, located in the centre of the country. It moved to Ivory Coast before being conquered by the French. No other country has as much bauxite as Guinea-Conakry. There are many great books about Papua New Guinea, including great fiction as well as non-fiction. Power was handed over to a freely elected civilian administration in 2010. The modern state of Guinea did not come into existence until 1958, but the history of Guinea stretches back well before European colonization. The agreement stated Camara would continue his medical recovery outside Guinea and the military would not intervene in the elections. The Atlantic Ocean lies to the west. Mount Nimba is the highest point at 1,750 m. Guinea’s large natural resources include 25 percent of the bauxite reserves known in the world. The Gambia River flows northwestward before crossing Senegal and The Gambia. Lower Guinea includes the coast and coastal plain. Most roads are in poor repair. At low elevations, temperatures resemble those of the coastal areas. Central Intelligence Agency - The World Factbook - Guinea, Guinea - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), Guinea - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). Monkeys, chimpanzees, and some rare bird species can be found in the southern portion of the Forest Region, near the Liberian border. Of the remainder, 30 percent are Mandinka and 20 percent the Soussou. Fulani is the most widespread Muslim ethnic group in Sahel and West Africa. The national capital, Conakry, lies on Tombo (Tumbo) Island and spreads up the Camayenne (Kaloum) Peninsula; it is the country’s main port. Mount Nimba (5,748 feet [1,752 metres]), the highest mountain in the region, is located at the borders of Guinea, Liberia, and Côte d’Ivoire. Small communities of Baha’i, Hindus, and Buddhists also live in Guinea. Nonetheless, the economy is largely based on subsistence agriculture. Guinea was the first French colony in Africa to opt out of French rule, and has paid the price economically. Unlike many global publications, for nearly a decade we have been committed to showing a complete picture of Africa – not just a single story. The rocks of this region are of the same composition as those of Upper Guinea. Ahmed Sekou Toure was the president when the country gained independence. A commission reviews all investment proposals. The Republic of Guinea is located in West Africa and bordered to the northwest by Guinea-Bissau, the north by Senegal and Mali, the east by Côte d'Ivoire, the south by Liberia and the southwest by Sierra Leone. There is no discrimination between foreign and domestic investment. The country continued reforms in 1996 and 1998 under IMF agreements. Since the 1987 Bamako Initiative, Guinea has been reorganizing its healthcare system to promote comm. Guinea’s locals rely on taxi and small buses for travel. Try watching this video on www.youtube.com, or enable JavaScript if it is disabled in your browser. The country’s rulers have been autocratic and Guinea is one of the world’s poorest countries. Guinea. Thanks for reading and for your interest in Africa. Updates? ... New species of snake which can stab sideways discovered in west Africa. Hydroelectric power has potential as well. The largest gold mining operation is also partly government owned. A new railway and deep-water port are expected to be built at Kalia and Simandou (south) due to planned iron mining. World Africa Content is produced in collaboration between Africa.com’s editorial team and our partners — including nongovernmental organizations, private sector stakeholders, agencies and institutions. Due to inefficiency and corruption, the foreign private investors departed the country. Conakry, on an island just off the coast, is the capital and the economic and administrative center. 85 percent of the people practice Islam, 10 percent are Christian, and 5 percent hold indigenous beliefs. In 1999, a cabinet change led to increased corruption and mismanagement. Soil conservation is extremely important, because most soils are thin and rainfall heavy, causing much erosion. The Saint Paul River enters the Atlantic at Monrovia, in Liberia, and the Moa River has its mouth at Sulima, in Sierra Leone. New Fulani has their roots in the North Africa and is bound together by the Fula language, culture, and religious beliefs. The name came into use among European shippers and map makers in the seventeenth century to refer to the coast of West Africa from Guinea to Benin. The word papua is derived from an old local term of uncertain origin. " Guinea’s economic situation did not improve despite large aluminum resources. Unemployment in Guinea’s youth is a major problem. The navy operates small patrol boats and barges. Becoming An Investor In Nigeria: Where To Start? Currency depreciation is also occurring with 5,554 Guinea francs to the dollar in 2006. Currently, it is the 2nd poorest country in the world, following neighboring Sierra Leone. US Election 2020. New Zealanders travelling or living in Guinea should have a comprehensive travel insurance policy in place that includes provision for medical evacuation by air. A small amount of river traffic also exists on the Niger and Milo rivers. Transform Africa Summit 2020 edition has been officially announced in Conakry the capital of Guinea. Outside Conakry, foreign investment is given more favorable terms. Upper Guinea is composed of the Niger Plains, which slope northeastward toward the Sahara. A few hippopotamuses and manatees inhabit the rivers of both Lower and Upper Guinea. The indigenous name in the Pular language is Fuuta-Jaloo. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. Despite these problems, foreign investors still come to Guinea. The Fouta Djallon is the source of the three major rivers of the region. The indigenous name in the Pular language i… Mount Nimba (5,748 feet [1,752 metres]), the highest mountain in the region, is located at the borders of Guinea, Liberia, and Côte d’Ivoire. 80 percent of Guinea’s foreign exchanges result from bauxite mining in the northwest. These elections were postponed due to allegations of fraud. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. In Guinea, the majority of the population, 41%, belong to the Fulani tribe and are mainly found in the Futa Djallon region. Other groups include the Kpelle, Kissi, Toma, and Zialo. A new port near Simandou North is also set to be constructed due to additional iron mining. Fouta Djallon is a highland region in the center of Guinea. The government owns significant parts of these companies. The junta ordered protesters attacked on September 28, 2009. A virtual guide to Guinea, a developing country in the tropical southwestern part of West Africa at the Atlantic Ocean. These are subdivided into 33 prefectures. After the first rounds, Cellou Dalein Diallo and Alpha Conde were the winners and set to move into the second round. unity-based methods. Americas. In June and July 2010, the elections occurred and were the first free and fair votes since independence. He also ruled as a despot until he died in 2008. Reforms were begun in 2004 under Prime Minister Diallo. There are also plants for juices, beer, soft drinks, and tobacco. Numele țării este de origine berberă și se poate traduce drept 'țara negrilor'. 80 percent of the people in Guinea are employed in agriculture. The coast has undergone recent marine submergence and is marked by rias, or drowned river valleys, that form inlets and tidal estuaries. 3. 40 percent of the people belong to the Fulani and are mostly found in the Futa Jallon region. Guinea’s investment code was modified in 1998 to stimulate the economy. Moussa Dadis Camara took control on December 23, 2008 as the leader of a junta. Guinea consists of four geographic regions: Lower Guinea, the Fouta Djallon, Upper Guinea, and the Forest Region, or Guinea Highlands. This slowed the pace of reforms. Europe America Asia Africa Australia Oceania. There was also effort to extend all health care areas to improve indicators. Three of western Africa’s major rivers—the Gambia, the Niger, and the Sénégal—rise in Guinea. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Most automobiles are over 20 years old. Its topography varies from coastal plains to inland mountains that account for about 60 percent of the land area. They are primarily sedent… Gasoline price controls have been loosened, exchange rates have been allowed to float, and government spending has been reduced. Guinea, under the name French Guinea, was a part of French West Africa until it achieved independence in 1958. At the event, the Guest of Honour was his Excellency the Prime Minister of the Republic of Guinea, […] Omissions? Badiar National Park, which is administered jointly with Niokolo-Koba National Park in southeastern Senegal, contains savanna and forest. There is also an arbitration system that was installed to quickly resolve disputes. In the Fouta Djallon, January afternoon temperatures range from the mid-80s to the mid-90s F (about 30 to 35 °C), while evening temperatures dip into the high 40s and low 50s F (about 8 to 11 °C). New Zealanders in Guinea are encouraged to register their details with the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade. Some Guineans claim that the word arose from an early episode in the European-African encounter. Fouta Djallon is a highland region in the center of Guinea. Poisonous snakes include mambas, vipers, and cobras, and there are pythons and a variety of harmless snakes. He ruled by using violent repression until he died on March 26, 1984. The Fouta Djallon is mostly open, with trees growing along the wider stream valleys. Immediately inland the gently rolling coastal plain rises to the east, being broken by rocky spurs of the Fouta Djallon highlands in the north at Cape Verga and in the south at the Camayenne Peninsula. On the coast a period of six months of dry weather is followed by six months of rain. km. Fulani people are mainly pastoralists making them the largest nomadic pastoralist community in the world. As the ITCZ shifts southward in November, the hot, dry wind known as the harmattan blows from the northeast off the Sahara. If you are interested in telling stories in an impactful way to shine a spotlight on a particular issue, please email us. The highest point in the highlands, Mount Tamgué, rises to 5,046 feet (1,538 metres) near the town of Mali in the north. The origin of the name is from the Pular word for the region plus the name of the original inhabitants, the Yalunka or Jalonke. 900 personnel are in the navy. In the 1990s the government adopted policies to privatize commercial activity and reduce state involvement. There are 700 in the air force, which has several Russian planes and transports. Bordered in north by Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, and Mali, and by Côte d'Ivoire to the east and southeast, by Liberia and Sierra Leone to the south. Guinea extends southeast in a crescent from the Atlantic coast of West Africa. Uranium may also be present but its quantities are unknown. Read . Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? Large, multi-national corporations like Global Alumina, Alcoa, and Alcan have invested in mining and refining operations. The arrival of the migratory intertropical convergence zone (ITCZ) in June brings the heaviest rainfall of the wet season. Offended by one-sided coverage of wars, disasters and disease, the founders of Africa.com created a website that provides a balanced view of Africa – current events, business, arts & culture, travel, fashion, sports, information, development, and more. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Guinea’s musical tradition is rich and diverse as it is in other West African countries. Experiments with … While the government met spending goals in social sectors, military spending contributed to a fiscal deficit. While the levels of HIV/AIDS are much lower than other African countries, Guinea is still considered to be facing an epidemic. Following Conté’s death, a military junta took control of the country and suspended the constitution that had been adopted in 1991. Republica Guineea (în franceză: République de Guinée) este un stat situat în Africa de Vest.Are granițe cu Guineea-Bissau și Senegal la nord, Mali la nord și nord-est, Coasta de Fildeș la sud-est, Liberia la sud, și Sierra Leone la vest. It is bordered by Ivory Coast, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Senegal, and Sierra Leone. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. The four regions are Basse-Cote, Fouta Djallon, Sahelian Haute-Guinea, and the jungle areas. Natural resources are plentiful: in addition to its hydroelectric potential, Guinea possesses a large portion of the world’s bauxite reserves and significant amounts of iron, gold, and diamonds. Guinea’s land area is approximately the size of the U.K. Its land border is 3,400 km and the coastline is 300 km. km and the country forms a crescent with a curve from its western border to the Atlantic. The Forest Region contains several extensive patches of rainforest, with teak, mahogany, and ebony trees; agriculture, however, has diminished the forests and resulted in a shift largely toward open savanna. Papua New Guinea is surrounded by coral reefs which are under close watch to preserve them. Rainfall varies between 60 and 90 inches (1,500 and 2,300 mm) annually, and the average annual temperatures there are in the mid-70s F (about 25 °C). Guinea’s area is 246,000 sq. The climate of Guinea is tropical with two alternating seasons—a dry season (November through March) and a wet season (April through October). There are 24 ethnic groups in Guinea. Some of these reforms include ending agriculture restrictions, creating a proper exchange rate, increasing education spending, and cutting bureaucracy. He entered into combat with the colonial army, defeating them on several occasions, including a notable victory on 2 April 1882, at Woyowayanko in the face of French heavy artillery. Its soldiers have been accused of mutilation, rape, and murder in these attacks. Of the Christians, there are Roman Catholics, Baptists, Seventh-day Adventists, and Anglicans. Water and electrical utilities were operated privately until 2001. The 10,000,000 people in Guinea are part of 24 ethnic groups. DRC Energy & Infrastructure Investment Summit 2021, Manta Rays and Whale Sharks are Now Protected by Law in Mozambique, Ghana’s ‘Mushroom Queen’ Grows Her Fungi in Sawdust, ‘It Speaks to an Ancient History’: Why South Africa Has the World’s Most Exciting Dance Music, MarvinKann Releases “Forever” Video Featuring Lib Whezzy & KIING, Not So Fast… This Is What You Should Know About Internet Speed Tests. In 2002, due to the government’s failure to meet criteria, the IMF suspended Guinea’s Poverty Reduction and Growth Facility (PRGF). Le maschere dei popoli della Guinea . Crocodiles and several varieties of fish are found in most rivers. The most common soils found in Guinea are laterites formed of iron and hydrated aluminum oxides and other materials that often concretize into hard iron-rich conglomerates. Le popolazioni che vivono nell'area ricoperta dalle foreste lungo la costa della Guinea, dalla Guinea Bissau a Ovest al Camerun a Est, sono tra le più attive in Africa per la produzione di oggetti di legno intagliato e di maschere. The mountains are the source of the Niger, Senegal, and Gambia rivers. Official language: French. Mali, Senegal, and Guinea-Bissau share the northern border and Liberia, Sierra Leone, and Côte d’Ivoire are to the south. At the end of 2004, estimates show 170,000 infected with HIV/AIDS. There are four regions with distinct characteristics. The Boulbinet section and the fishing harbour at Conakry, Guinea. China won’t congratulate Biden, but backs disputed Guinea leader. Guinea's mineral wealth makes it potentially one of Africa's richest countries, but its people are among the poorest in West Africa. Agriculture and fishing are potential growth areas. Other bauxite companies are the Compagnie des Bauxites de Kindia, Dian Dian, and Alumina Compagnie de Guinee. Inflation is still a problem, reaching 30 percent in 2005. Latest travel advice for Guinea, including how to stay safe during the coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic and information on returning to the UK. Sékou Touré, Guinea was a one-party state ruled by the Democratic Party of Guinea (Parti Démocratique de Guinée; PDG). There are also deposits of gold, diamonds, and other metals. For current health alerts; See our regional advice for Africa The government recognizes the Jehovah’s Witnesses, who are active. In 1996, the president promised additional reforms and appointed a new government. Guinea - Guinea - Government and society: For more than 25 years under Pres. The Fouta Djallon highlands rise sharply from the coastal plain in a series of abrupt faults. Over 5400 people were killed. The largest airport is the Conakry International Airport. There is an agreement between Guinea and the U.S. providing political risk insurance to American investors. In Upper Guinea rainfall drops to about 60 inches (1,500 mm) a year. … Its base rocks of granite and gneiss (coarse-grained rock containing bands of minerals) are covered with laterite (red soil with a high content of iron oxides and aluminum hydroxide) and sandstone gravel.

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